Iran's Ambassador to the UN, Gholamali Khoshroo, says that US openly use threats against countries as a tool of foreign policy and this trend would result in weakening of the United Nations.

Iran Press/America: Gholamali Khoshroo, Iran's UN envoy,said on Monday that prohibition of the threat or use of force has been an essential achievement of the United Nations, however, the practices of few Member States to unlawfully resort to threat or use of force has been in defiance of peremptory norms of international law and has questioned the credibility of the organization in violating the UN Charter, Iran Press reported.

He made the remarks at the Sixth Committee of the 73st Session of the United Nations General Assembly dubbed as "Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (Agenda Item 85).” 

"Threatening to cut financial aid to those countries who voted in favor of a UN resolution or warning them against the possible consequences of their vote in the General Assembly by saying 'the US taking the names' is just one example of visible offense to the UN principles" said KHoshroo adding that "this trend is weakening the organization, not strengthening it, and runs counter to the very objective of the Charter Committee establishment."


UNSC sanctions; only as a last resort

Referring to the sanctions of UN Security Council (UNSC), Khoshroo said that the UNSC sanctions may be introduced only as a last resort; after determination of the existence of a real threat to peace or breach of peace and based on valid evidence, not mere speculations and misinformation.

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He added that "sanctions imposed pursuant to arbitrary and politically motivated determinations of the notion of 'threat to the peace and security', should not be seen as legitimate and lawful."

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US penalize member states for abiding UN resolutions!

Pointing to another discouraging account regarding the UN Charter and international legal order, Iran's UN envoy said that "in total disregard to Article 25 of the UN Charter, a permanent member of the Security Council [US] is not only violating council resolution 2231 for the first time in the history of the UN, but also engaging in penalizing nations across the entire world for abiding by that resolution."

 "today, more than ever, this country [US] is addicted to sanctions and seeing it as a tool in its toolbox in pursuance of its own national interests" He added. 


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Khoshroo reiterated that "the morally wrong and ethically unjustified unilateral measures not only defy the rule of law at the international level but also infringe upon the right to development and lead to the violation of basic human rights."


JCPOA is still alive

"The Islamic Republic of Iran welcomes the decision of the Special Committee to hold an annual thematic debate on means for pacific settlement of disputes in line with Article 33 of the UN Charter" said Iran's UN envoy and added that "my delegation shared its experience with the member states in the Charter Committee, with respect to using “negotiation” as an effective means for solving unnecessary crisis."

Khoshroo clarified that "the conditions which led to the successful conclusion of the JCPOA were, among others, mutual respect, equal footing and willingness of the parties to work on the basis of common interest and common objectives, but today, although one of the essential participants of the JCPOA has withdrawn from the deal, it still is alive, due to the power of diplomacy and negotiation."

Criticizing US actions against JCPOA, khoshroo said that "the US has not only withdrawn from the deal, but also spared no efforts to spoil the deal by exerting its political and economic influences.

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"the current US administration, declared the re-imposition and aggravation of an extensive set of sanctions and restrictive measures targeting Iran, its nationals and its companies"He added. 

US President Donald Trump announced in May that Washington was pulling out of the nuclear agreement which lifted nuclear-related sanctions against Iran in exchange for restrictions on Tehran's nuclear program.

Related news: Trump announces 'withdrawal' from Iran nuclear deal

US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo in August, talked about a "maximum pressure campaign" targeting Iran that will support protests in this country.

Pompeo along with US national security adviser, John Bolton has been a vocal critic of the Iran and the internationally negotiated Iran nuclear deal of 2015 and advocated immediate regime change. 

The US administration reintroduced the previous sanctions while imposing new ones on the Islamic Republic. It also introduced punitive measures — known as secondary sanctions — against third countries doing business with Iran.

A first round of American sanctions took effect in August, targeting Iran's access to the US dollar, metals trading, coal, industrial software, and auto sector. A second round, forthcoming on November 4, will be targeting Iran’s oil sales and its Central Bank.

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