After a five-month cease, the new round of talks of the JCPOA Joint Commission, kicked off in Vienna to lift US sanctions against Iran.

Iran PressEurope: The meeting will be held at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers and Political Directors of the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the P4 + 1 Group, chaired by Iran's top negotiator Ali Bagheri Kani, and Deputy Secretary-General of the European External Enrique Mora. 

After 13 years of intensive international negotiations, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was concluded on July 14, 2015. One week later, UN Security Council ratified Resolution No. 2231 and attached it to Annex A of the resolution.

Yet, after Donald Trump took office as the US President in January 2017 and took a few preliminary steps to fulfill the deal, he unilaterally withdrew from the agreement on May 8, 2018, and introduced the harshest sanctions in history against Iran in line with his 'Maximum pressure' campaign against the Islamic Republic.

In a counter-sanctions measure, Iran's Supreme National Security Council started a series of scale-backs measures to stop the implementation of voluntary commitments to the JCPOA within the framework of the deal.

Iran has repeatedly stated that if the other parties remaining in the JCPOA decide to implement their obligations in accordance with the agreement, it will stop the scale-backs.

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Iran and the remaining parties to the JCPOA started talks in April in Vienna to revive the deal. The US, under the Joe Biden administration, was also participating in the Vienna talks indirectly.

Six rounds of talks were held until June. However, the talks failed to produce a breakthrough as the United States raised new issues not related to the original JCPOA. For example, the US tried to include Iran’s missile program and regional policies to revitalize the multilateral agreement.

Moreover, the Biden administration also tried to extend Iran’s nuclear program limits, which will be automatically lifted in the future years.

Under the JCPOA, Iran agreed to limit its nuclear activities to terminate economic and financial sanctions.

All parties are now in Vienna to resume talks. Negotiations that Iran sees as a way to lift all sanctions at once.


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