Tehran (IP) - The Islamic Republic of Iran has taken constant and progressive steps in achieving missile and space technology in the last four decades.

Iran PressIran news: Although the enemies have in different ways hindered Iran's economic and scientific progress, including in space technology, it has achieved various space technologies.

The launch of indigenous satellites in recent years is a symbol of the great achievements in space technology. Iran is now among the top 10 space countries in the world with space technology. Currently, 6countries in the world possess the technology of constructing satellite launch bases, including Iran.

Still, the difference between Iran's space program with that of other countries in the West Asian region is that the country has enjoyed indigenous technologies in its program.

In the last two years, Iran has progressed in launching satellites such that it has developed the launch of satellite carriers in line with the construction of satellites. 

Iranian experts have now achieved the full cycle of space technology, that is the knowledge of the developing launch base, launcher, satellite, receiving and control station, and satellite data station. 

Iran now has 4 satellites for final testing, including 'Zafar 2', 'Nahid 1', 'Nahid 2' and 'Pars 1'. 

Latest Achievement

The last Iranian space achievement unveiled was Noor 2 satellite. The Commander of the Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) Brigadier Amir-Ali Hajizadeh says: "We are doomed to reach space and in the future, we will have Noor Satellite series."

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"In the country's space program, our first step is to be fixed in the lower Earth orbit (LEO) and then move to the 36,000 km orbit (Geneva Synchronous Orbit)."

In this regard, Government Spokesman Ali Bahadori-Jahromi said: "Viewing the world from space through Iranian satellites is a great strategic achievement." 

Chief Commander of IRGC Major General Hossein Salami announced that Iran, as the first Muslim country, put a satellite in space: "Today we overcame the enemy and acquire these sophisticated technologies and new knowledge and turn it into a successful product."

Noor 2 is a measurement and reconnaissance satellite with a velocity of 7.6 km/s, which reaches the LEO orbit, 500 km from the Earth, after 480 seconds.  

Noor 1 also was launched into space and placed in orbit 425 km from the Earth, which is still in the orbit. 

Noor 2, the first signals of which were successfully received by terrestrial stations, will orbit the earth once every 90 minutes and will pass Iran 16 times a day, with its mission lasting at least 3 years.

'Qased' carried Noor 2 to the space. The satellite carrier enjoys high-tech engines, lightweight composite bodies, and movable nozzle motors. The rocket is a three-phase one; the first phase goes with liquid fuel, the second phase with solid, and the third phase with an orbital injection motor. 

In addition to defense applications, Noor 2 satellite can monitor natural incidents such as floods and earthquakes from a 500km distance.


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