Former EU high representative for foreign affairs and security policy called former US President Donald Trump's Maximum Pressure policy as the resounding failure.

Iran PressEurope: Javier Solana, in a note published on the official site of the project syndicate, said: "Diplomacy has always been the only sensible way to address US-Iranian tensions. But when foreign policy rides on emotional currents and succumbs to gimmicky temptations, wise and subtle statecraft is relegated to the background."

"This happened in the United States after the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, and it happened again during Donald Trump’s bombastic presidency. Perhaps the best example was Trump’s impetuous unilateral decision to withdraw the US from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal," he added.

Former EU high representative for foreign affairs and security policy went on to highlight: "That agreement – formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – came about after years of arduous negotiations, only for Trump to dismiss it in a huff as part of his arrogant and shortsighted 'maximum pressure' strategy toward Iran."

"But with Joe Biden now president, talks that began this month in Vienna provide the main global powers with a diplomatic opportunity to salvage the pact," said Solana.

He noted:

"We must hope that they succeed because Trump’s maximum pressure proved to be a resounding failure," he added.

The JCPOA members, in the form of a joint commission, began the second round of talks in Vienna last week to examine how the United States could return to the agreement.

Donald Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal in a unilateral action on May 8, 2018, contrary to his European allies' warnings and imposed severe sanctions on the Iranian people in violation of Security Council Resolution 2231.

The condition of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the return of the United States to the JCPOA is the lifting of all sanctions imposed after 2017 by the Trump administration.

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