Awarding the prize on Tuesday, the committee said that the scientists’ work had “opened doors to another world.” Jonas Ekstromer/TT News Agency, via Associated Press

Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger won the Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday for work that has “laid the foundation for a new era of quantum technology,” the Nobel Committee for Physics said.

Iran PressEurope: The scientists have each conducted “groundbreaking experiments using entangled quantum states, where two particles behave like a single unit even when they are separated,” the committee said in a briefing. Their results, it said, cleared the way for “new technology based upon quantum information.”

The laureates’ research builds on the work of John Stewart Bell, a physicist who strove to address the question of whether particles, having flown too far apart for there to be normal communication between them, can still function in concert, The New York Times reported.

Eva Olsson, a member of the Nobel Committee for Physics, noted that quantum information science had broad implications in areas like secure information transfer and quantum computing.

Quantum information science is a “vibrant and rapidly developing field,” she said. “Its predictions have opened doors to another world, and it has also shaken the very foundation of how we interpret measurements.”

The Nobel committee said the three scientists were being honored for their experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science.

It was the second of several such prizes to be awarded over the coming week. The Nobels, among the highest honors in science, recognize groundbreaking contributions in a variety of fields.

The Physiology or Medicine prize was awarded on Monday to Svante Pääbo, a Swedish scientist who peered back into human history by retrieving genetic material from 40,000-year-old bones, producing a complete Neanderthal genome and initiating the field of ancient DNA studies.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be awarded on Wednesday and Literature on Thursday.

The Nobel Peace Prize will also be awarded on Friday and next week, and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences will be awarded on Monday.


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