Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is a "terrorist and occupier" after Israeli forces killed more than a dozen Palestinians during Friday's Land Day rallies.

"Hey Netanyahu! You are occupier. And it is as an occupier that you are on those lands. At the same time, you are a terrorist," Erdogan said in a televised speech in Adana, southern Turkey, on Sunday.

He added that what Israel does to the "oppressed" Palestinian people "will be part of history and we will never forget it."

"We are not guilty of any act of occupation," Erdogan said.

On Friday, at least 17 Palestinians lost their lives and more than 1,400 others sustained injuries when Israeli military forces opened fire on thousands of protesters who had flocked to a sit-in near the Gaza border.

The rallies coincided with the 42nd anniversary of Land Day, which commemorates the murder of six Palestinians by Israeli forces in 1976.

Israeli troops wounded 49 Palestinians during fresh anti-occupation mass rallies in the Gaza Strip on Sunday amid global outrage over Tel Aviv's use of force that marked the most violent day in the blockaded coastal sliver in recent years.