Tehran (IP) - Prominent Iranian researcher and Elamitologist was honored for his long-term efforts in translating Iran's ancient tablets related to the era of Darius the Great in a ceremony by the secretary-general of the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO and the director of the National Museum of the country.

Iran Press/Iran news: Abdul Majid Arfaei, a professor of Ancient Near Eastern languages and cultures, has translated 'The Inscriptions of Persepolis' into four volumes. He also has finished solving 647 tablets related to the era of Darius the Great, which Richard Hallock read. The works are included in the first volume of the series.

The ceremony was held in cooperation with the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO and the Iranian National Museums Organisation on May 27, 2022, where  Abdul Majid Arfaei was awarded 'Faces to Sun.'

The Iranian researcher has also translated 2,586 clay Achaemenid tablets into Persian and English, which Hallock rendered. Applauding Arfaei's character, Jebrael Nokandeh, the Director of the National Museum of Iran, stated that the Iranian nation owes a lot to a big man like Abdul Majid Arfaei.

The head of the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO, Hojatollah Ayuobi, also said that Arfaei got the Iranian people acquainted with their identity and glorious and honorable history.

Elamite language 

According to britannica.com, the Elamite language is an extinct language spoken by the Elamites in the ancient civilization of Elam, which included the region from the Mesopotamian plain to the Iranian Plateau.

Elamite documents from three historical periods have been found. The earliest Elamite writings are in a figurative or pictographic script and date from the middle of the 3rd millennium BC. Documents from the second period, which lasted from the 16th to the 8th century BC, are written in cuneiform; the stage of the language found in these documents is sometimes called Old Elamite.

The last period of Elamite texts is that of the reign of the Achaemenian kings of Persia (6th to 4th century BC), who used Elamite, along with Akkadian and Old Persian, in their inscriptions. The language of this period, also written in the cuneiform script, is often called New Elamite.

Ancient Iran 

ancient Iran, also known as Persia, is a historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, to designate those regions where Persian language and culture predominated, but it more correctly refers to southern Iran, formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs.

Parsa was the name of an Indo-European nomadic people who migrated into the region about 1000 BC. The first mention of Parsa occurs in the annals of Shalmanesar II, an Assyrian king, in 844 BC.

During the rule of the Persian Achaemenian dynasty (559–330 BC), the ancient Greeks first encountered the inhabitants of Persis on the Iranian plateau when the Achaemenids—natives of Persis—were expanding their political sphere. The Achaemenids were the dominant dynasty during Greek history until Alexander the Great, and the use of the name Persia was gradually extended by the Greeks and other peoples to apply to the whole Iranian plateau.

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This tendency was reinforced with the rise of the Sāsānian dynasty, native to Persis, whose culture dominated the Iranian plateau until the 7th century AD. The people of this area have traditionally referred to the region as Iran, "Land of the Aryans," and in 1935, the government of Iran requested that the name Iran be used in lieu of Persia. However, the two terms are often used interchangeably when referring to periods preceding the 20th century.

Arfaei, the renowned expert on Elamite, Avestan, and Pahlavi languages, is the founder of the Inscriptions Hall of Iran's National Museum and has written several books on Iranian history. 

Elam is an ancient civilization centered in the far West and southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province and a small part of southern Iraq.

Moreover, Arfaei is the first person who translated the inscription of Cyrus Cylinder. Much of his works are housed at Chicago University.


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