North Khorasan (IP) - Saffron harvest in Farooj, North Khorasan, northeastern Iran, begins in late August and continues until mid-November 2021.

Iran PressIran News: As the most expensive agricultural and pharmaceutical product in the world, saffron has a special place among Iran's products. Mohsen Ehtesham, chairman of the Saffron Council of Iran, said on November 2, 2021: "In the first half of this year (starting from March 20, 2021), Iran exported 95,708 kilograms of saffron worth more than $ 47 million to about 60 countries, compared to the same period last year (with 47 countries), it grew by 25 percent."

One hundred twenty-two thousand hectares of the world's lands are under saffron cultivation, of which 115,000 hectares are in Iran. 

Iran also produces more than 90% of the world's saffron, and Farooj is the country's third-largest saffron production hub.

Saffron, golden-colored, pungent stigmas (pollen-bearing structures) of the autumn crocus (Crocus sativus), are dried and used as a spice to flavor foods and as a dye to color foods and other products. Saffron has a strong, exotic aroma and a bitter taste and is used to color and flavor many Mediterranean and Asian dishes, particularly rice and fish and English, Scandinavian, and Balkan bread. Saffron is cultivated chiefly in Iran but is also grown in Spain, France, Italy (on the lower spurs of the Apennines Range), and parts of India.

In recent years, traders have bought saffron from Iran and transported it to Afghanistan, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, packing it and exporting it to Europe and the West as a commodity produced in these countries.


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