Commentary: World should oppose unlawful unilateral US sanctions
The names of more than 700 Iranian individuals, institutions, banks, shipping and aviation firms and companies have been included in a new list of US sanctions against Iran.
Iran Press/ America: The names of more than 700 Iranian individuals, institutions, banks, firms and companies have been included in a new list of US sanctions against Iran. A second round of US sanctions came into force on Monday, 5 November 2018, targeting primarily Iran's energy and banking sectors.
America's treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin, meanwhile, has claimed the 'maximum pressure campaign' and re-imposition of sanctions will force Iran to come to the negotiating table and sign a new nuclear agreement.
Also US secretary of state Mike Pompeo took the podium at the State Department’s Foreign Press Center in Washington on Monday, and admitted that Washington had failed to get the main buyers of Iranian oil to tag along, and had to grant temporary waivers to China, India, South Korea, Turkey, Italy, Greece, Japan and Taiwan.
On 5 November, Iran's UN ambassador Gholamali Khoshroo wrote a letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, asking him to hold US accountable over imposition of illegal sanctions against Iran.
Khoshroo wrote: "The irresponsible conduct of the United States necessitates a collective response by the international community in order to uphold the rule of law, to prevent undermining diplomacy and to protect multilateralism."
The new round of US sanctions cover 50 Iranian banks and subsidiaries as well as more than 200 persons and vessels in its shipping sector, and targeting the national airline, Iran Air, and more than 65 of its aircraft.
America's unilateral sanctions are in contravention of United Nations Security Council UNSC decisions, and the judgment of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The US is not only violating UN Security Council Resolution 2231, but it is also putting pressure on other countries to violate the resolution.
Even one of Donald Trump's predecessors, former president George W. Bush has condemned Trump's actions, saying: "Sanctions imposed on Iran by Donald Trump are unauthorized, illegal and inhumane."
Ali Khorram a former Iranian ambassador to the UN offices in Vienna talking about US sanctions on Iran from an international law perspective said: "Donald Trump knows his anti-Iran sanctions will never be approved by the United Nations Security Council. Hence he has decided to impose unlawful unauthorized unilateral sanctions against Iran, without any special basis."
Idriss Al Jazairi, former Permanent Representative of Algeria to the United Nations at Geneva and Resident Member of the Board of the GCHRAGD, had called Trump's actions against Iran unfair and harmful, before imposing sanctions. He said: "Re-imposing sanctions on Iran after US left JCPOA unilaterally- the agreement which UNSC and also the Obama administration had approved- is a clear sign of illegality of the sanctions."
There are many countries which oppose US sanctions on Iran. The European Union is also opposed to them, and is determined to protect European businesses and companies which are engaged in legitimate business activity in Iran.
Meanwhile, Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak confirmed that Moscow will continue to trade Iranian oil in defiance of Washington. India and China have also indicated the same.
US Bullying and hostile actions against Iran is a serious issue beyond Iran-US relations. Violating international law and failing to abide by your commitments and obligations is a very serious issue.
Re-imposing sanctions on Iran showed that Washington is not capable of working within the international community, and that US is opposed to multilateralism. This important point has been made in ambassador, Gholam-ali Khoshroo's letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
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