(IP) - Mohammad Ghadiri, an Iranian expert in the field of satellite carrier explains details about the Russian Soyuz satellite carrier during a briefing on Thursday morning.

Iran PressIran news: Ghadiri explained that Soyuz, also known as Союз or GRAU 11A511 in Russian, is a satellite launch vehicle developed by OKB-1 and manufactured by the Progress Rocket Space Center in Samara, Russia.

With a remarkable track record of over 1900 flights since its inception in 1966, Ghadiri highlighted that Soyuz is the most utilized satellite carrier globally.

He further elaborated that the Soyuz satellite carrier serves multiple purposes, including launching crewed Soyuz spacecraft as part of the Soyuz space program, deploying unmanned resupply spacecraft like Progress to the International Space Station, and facilitating commercial launches managed by Starsem and Arianespace.

Concluding his remarks, Ghadiri mentioned that all Soyuz rockets utilize RP-1 propellant, akin to jet fuel, and liquid oxygen (LOX), except for the Soyuz-U2 variant, which employs Sintine, a variation of RP-1, in combination with LOX.

He clarified that the Soyuz family constitutes a subset of the broader R-7 rocket family.

On Thursday at about 09:15 ( Tehran Local Time)  Iranian total indigenous satellite 'Pars 1', a research-measurement satellite launched by a Russian satellite-carrying rocket Soyuz.


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