Russian Pres. media adviser:

Moscow (IP) - Media adviser to Russian President, in an interview with Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), emphasized Iran's special position in Russia's foreign policy and called the Islamic Republic of Iran a friend and partner of Moscow.

Iran PressEurope: "Iran is our friend and partner, and we really attach great importance to bilateral relations. It is very gratifying that the presidents of the two countries are in constant contact and have met 4 times in the last year, the last time was in Ashgabat and they will meet again soon in Tehran," media adviser to Russian President, Dmitry Peskov said. 

Peskov stressed: "In fact, in the last few months or even years, the volume of relations between the two countries in the political, diplomatic and economic fields has increased significantly, but our relations are not limited to these months and years."

Referring to the rich history of Russian-Iranian relations, the media adviser to the Russian President, Vladimir Putin, added: "The first diplomatic relations between the two countries of Iran and Russia happened in the 16th century, when many of the current governments and countries had not been established."

"Therefore, our relations are based on historical roots and deep capacities. This will help us to move towards wider horizons based on common interests and mutual respect that is beneficial to both countries," stated Peskov. 

In another part of this interview, referring to the sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic of Iran, this Russian diplomat stressed: "Iran has been under sanctions for decades. Iran has found its way in the face of sanctions and has been able to adapt to these restrictions for the development of the country and the welfare of its people. According to international laws, sanctions are completely illegal, and we firmly believe in this."

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Peskov highlighted that the sanctions imposed on Russia are not a new issue, and "it is a big mistake if we think that the sanctions are related to the last 4 months because during the recent years and since the time of the former Soviet Union, there have been more than thousands of sanctions in various fields against our country."

This Russian official said: "These sanctions are the price that we and Iran pay for our independence and sovereignty. There is a proverb in Russian that says: What doesn't kill you makes you stronger. Therefore, I think that it is possible for us to establish and strengthen our bilateral relations and cooperation in such a way as to minimize the negative effects of these sanctions."

Referring to the trade relations between Tehran and Moscow, Peskov stated: "Last year, the volume of commercial exchanges between Iran and Russia reached the highest figure in the history of relations between the two countries. Of course, I hope that with the development of banking cooperation, from now on, two sides increase the volume of exchanges with each other's national currencies because there is no room for trade activities with US dollars."

"During the first 4 months of this year, the volume of trade has increased by more than 31 percent, and this is positive," said the senior Russian official.

Emphasizing the existing capacities between Iran and Russia in various industrial, technological and peaceful nuclear fields, Peskov added: "The two countries have the necessary capabilities to develop cooperation so that they can overcome the sanctions with minimal losses and this will benefit the people of both countries."

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In another part of the interview, the senior adviser of the Russian President pointed out Vladimir Putin's goals in developing relations with Tehran and said: "The Russian President is a reliable supporter of the idea of maximum development of ambitious goals. So I think Vladimir Putin is trying to achieve more goals than this. This is a realistic measure for us, as the capacities of the two countries are also abundant and the reserves of the two countries are also very large, so the two countries have a lot of work to do."

Peskov considers the cooperation capacities between Tehran and Russia to be beyond bilateral cooperation and emphasized that based on various agreements, including the Eurasian Economic Union Special Zones Agreement with Iran, which was signed by Vladimir Putin in recent days, he expressed hope that this agreement would become the basis of Iran's permanent accession to this union because this event would give new momentum and motivation to bilateral relations.

"All these plans are realistic, provided that we do not limit the development of relations."

In response to a question regarding the prospect of cooperation between Iran and Russia, this Russian diplomat emphasized: "We hope that a long-term cooperation agreement will be finalized soon. During his visit to Tehran not long ago, our foreign minister handed over the text proposed by Russia to Iran's foreign minister, welcomed by Hossein Amir-Abdollahian. We hope that based on the fact that your foreign minister gave a special welcome to it, after reviewing, amending and adding the points of view of the Iranian side, the long-term cooperation agreement will be signed quickly and soon."

In response to a question about the goals of Vladimir Putin's upcoming trip to Iran, Peskov said: "The main goal of Vladimir Putin's trip to Tehran is to attend the tripartite meeting of the countries guaranteeing the settlement of the Syrian situation, that is, Russia, Iran and Turkey. This process, known as the Astana format, is very important and durable and has shown its effectiveness. It can be said that it is the only format that was able to be useful in solving the Syrian problem."

The Russian diplomat stressed: "Besides this matter, two more meetings with the President of Iran and the Leader of Iran's Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, have been arranged. Of course, there is also a meeting with Turkish President in President Putin's schedule, and we hope that these meetings will be very fruitful and useful. Of course, bilateral relations will be discussed in these negotiations."

Peskov added: "In the first step, the trade and economic issues with Iran and Turkey, the horizon of political talks with Iran and Turkey, as well as the exchange of views on hot regional issues, the number of which is very large around us and their solution requires multilateral measures are among important issues that will be discussed during the visit of the President of Russia to Iran."

The issues of Yemen and Afghanistan were among the other important issues that were raised in the IRIB interview with the media advisor of the President of the Russian Federation.

"The situations of Yemen and Afghanistan each have their own distinctive features and characteristics, so it is impossible to use the Astana format as an example to solve the problems of these two countries. Each of these countries is related to certain countries and each country has different interests. Therefore, it is difficult, but as in the Astana format, we always emphasize the commitment to the Security Council, the United Nations and international laws, in the case of these countries, we can also rely on this commitment as well as the experiences we have gained in the Astana format. We can help speed up the process of resolving the situation in these countries."

In this interview, Peskov also referred to the war in Ukraine and stressed that Russia would undoubtedly end special military operations after achieving all its goals. There is no specific time frame for most special operations to be effective.

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The Russian diplomat said: "President Vladimir Putin, as the commander-in-chief, has repeatedly emphasized that the Russian armed forces must refrain from any actions that cause civilian deaths and damage to residential areas. For this reason, our armed forces carry out their operations very cautiously and carefully and exclude civilian targets from their planning. What can be said about the Ukrainian side, especially the nationalist forces, is that they do not set any limits for themselves."

At the end of the interview, Peskov stressed that he would try to provide Iranian journalists with an exclusive interview with the President of Russia: "We will provide such a possibility, because the bilateral relations between our countries are ongoing. Putin is going to Tehran and the president of Iran will also come to Moscow, so we will provide you with such a possibility."


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