Tehran (IP) - Iran-IAEA relations over the past year and a half; namely, during the presidency of Rafael Grossi due to the IAEA being influenced by political pressures and some baseless claims about the past, have enjoyed negative effects.

Iran Press/Iran News: The negative view, however, during the recent visit of the IAEA Director-General to Tehran and the agreements reached during the technical and negotiations of safeguards agreements between Iran and the IAEA has changed. The Tehran Statement and now the Vienna Declaration indicate the beginning of a new chapter in Iran-IAEA relations.

The IAEA Director-General on Friday welcomed the Tehran-IAEA agreement and the Tehran Statement in its report on the NPT safeguards agreements with Iran.

The Islamic Republic of Iran and the IAEA issued a joint statement on August 26 at the end of the IAEA Director General's two-day visit to Tehran.

"Iran will voluntarily grant access to the two sites demanded by the IAEA and will facilitate IAEA verification activities to resolve these issues," the statement said.

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Kazem Gharibabadi, Iran's ambassador and permanent representative to the Vienna-based international organizations also told reporters that the IAEA Director-General's report on the NPT Safeguard Agreement with the Islamic Republic outlines a constructive outlook for relations between Iran and the IAEA.

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The Tehran Statement showed that Iran has no problem with the IAEA in terms of cooperation and conventional access.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif tweeted about this: "We have nothing to hide." He also suggested that: "An agreeable solution is possible. This is one way i.e trying to reach an agreement with the IAEA. If an agreement is reached, an anti-Iranian front that the United States is trying to keep open will be closed."

In analyzing this issue, there are two strong and almost certain assumptions about the US goals against Iran.

The first is to create a confrontation between Iran and the IAEA, which is the preferred option for Trump administration officials and some hawkish elements in Congress.

Second: strengthening the process of isolating Iran on the international stage is still one of the options on the US table.

The US, but neither in the first nor in the second assumption did not reach the desired result. The United States after two severe blows in the Security Council, facing serious opposition to the extension of Iran's arms embargo and failure to use the trigger mechanism, has now also failed in the project of destroying relations between Iran and the IAEA.

The United States wanted to use the IAEA investigation into Iran as a tool to discredit the JCPOA and justify its policy of maximum pressure.

Kelsey Davenport the Director for Nonproliferation Policy at Arms Control Association in Washington believes that Iran's adherence to safeguards obligations contributes to countries' efforts to resist US pressure to implement UN sanctions.

By fulfilling its safeguard commitments, Iran has in fact shored up EU3 efforts to maintain order, so it has blocked the US to abuse the UNSC and the immediate reinstatement of UN sanctions against Iran.

Now, as the Iranian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna said, Iran expects the Joint Statement and Report of the Director-General of the IAEA to be a key step towards normalizing the issue of Iran-related safeguards in the body through the independent, impartial and professional implementation of agreements and commitments.


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