The most significant climate conference of the year starts Thursday 30 November in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates, where governments will come together to find solutions to fight climate change.

Iran PressWest Asia:The UAE is set to host this year’s conference between Nov. 30 and Dec. 12, with the aim of keeping the Paris Agreement warming target of 1.5C (2.7F) alive.

Scientists say 2023 is now virtually certain to be the hottest year on record, as time runs out to keep global warming below 1.5C above pre-industrial levels - as per the Paris Agreement decided at COP21.

The UN Climate Change Conference (the official name for Climate Conferences of the Parties) has happened every year since 1995. These two-week summits are an important space for world leaders, politicians, experts and a whole host of other relevant parties to discuss the climate crisis on a global level.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be in Dubai for the first two days of the conference to highlight climate commitments the nation helped secure at this year's Group of 20 meetings, according to a government statement.

Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and Indonesian President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo are expected to speak on Friday, the first day of the leaders' summit.

Also, China will be represented on this day by Vice Premier Ding Xuexiang. Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh, and Malaysian Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim are slated to speak on Dec. 2.

The US President Joe Biden will not be in Dubai but his climate envoy, John Kerry, will attend, representing one of the world's top emitting countries.

Pope Francis would have been the first pontiff to participate in the annual conference but pulled out on doctor's orders earlier in the week. Overall, about 70,000 participants are expected. 219

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