Tehran (IP) - Hassan Salarieh, the head of the Iranian Space Agency, provides further insights into the 'Pars 1' satellite during its launching ceremony held on Thursday morning in Tehran.

Iran PressIran news: An array of Iranian research organizations, including the Iranian Space Research Center, universities, private companies, and knowledge-based entities, in collaboration with the Defense Ministry, contributed to the design and testing phases of Pars 1.

The primary objectives of this satellite encompass the creation of a detailed map of the water sphere at a scale of 1:200,000, as well as mapping the biosphere and human sphere at a scale of 1:100,000.

Additionally, the satellite aims to initiate the development of an indigenous operational sensing satellite supersystem and enhance the technological capabilities for building sensing satellite systems domestically.

It also seeks to advance the utilization of measurement data among various institutions and devices while fostering the growth of the measurement data market within the country.

Technical Specifications:

The Pars 1 satellite boasts a mass of under 150 kg and orbits at an altitude of 500 km with an inclination of 55 degrees. Its mission revolves around transmitting images to the ground, facilitated by a transmitter operating in the X-band telecommunication spectrum at a rate of Mbps.

This satellite marks the inaugural use of the X-band link, a significant achievement poised to enhance data transmission speeds from satellite to Earth for subsequent satellites. Ground stations are equipped to receive satellite images efficiently, further bolstering the functionality of the Pars 1 mission.

Advancing Iran's space program: utilizing domestic stations, satellite capabilities

Hassan Salarieh said that the 'Mahdasht' and 'Qeshm' stations are two domestic stations that we use to receive satellite data, although there is also a reserve station that we will use. It takes about 2 months for satellite subsystems to work.

Our goal in the country's space program is excellence in the development of the space industry and its use in businesses, He said adding that "Pars 1 can help us by imaging the surface of the earth."

Salarieh said that using the capacities of the space domain is an emerging field and our space industry plan is to take steps in this direction.

He said: "In 2023, many launches have been carried out, and by placing satellites in different orbits, it can help in receiving more up-to-date information."

The completion of the 'Nahid 2 satellite', the completion of the design and construction of 'The Nahid 3 telecommunication satellite, the design and construction of microsatellites for the Internet of Things, and the beginning of the design of the broadband satellite system are among the measures that have been taken in this field.

Key factors in the selection of international launch bases

Salarieh, head of the Iranian Space Agency, underscores the significance of considering price and competition when selecting an international base for satellite launches, deeming it a "natural thing."

Speaking at a press conference following the launch of the Pars 1 satellite on Thursday morning, Salarieh highlighted that the pricing of foreign bases and satellite carriers adheres to standard and reasonable norms.

He also hinted at Tehran's plans for additional launches in the upcoming year.

Discussing the Pars1 satellite, Salarieh noted its swift injection into orbit within one or two hours.

He elaborated on the satellite's capabilities, describing it as a measurement and imaging satellite equipped with various color spectrums, data transmission capabilities, advanced status control, and high precision and stability.

The primary objective of the Pars 1 satellite, he explained, is to capture images of the Earth's surface for agricultural assessments, including estimating cultivated areas, assessing soil moisture levels, and identifying biological species.

Salarieh also provided insights into the upcoming test and calibration phase for the Pars 1 satellite, slated to occur over the next few weeks.

Addressing plans for the Chabahar base, Salarieh outlined its phased development, with the initial focus on solid fuel launchers.

Regarding the use of domestic bases, he emphasized Tehran's prioritization of in-country facilities but indicated a willingness to consider foreign bases if they offer competitive pricing.


Read More: